The research is providing the scientific foundation for the U.
The federal government of the United States is set up by the Constitution. There are three branches. They are the executive branchthe legislative branchand the judicial branch.
State governments and the federal government work in very similar ways. Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The executive branch of a state government is led by a governorinstead of a president.
Executive branch[ change change source ] The executive branch is the part of the government that enforces the law. Members of the U. Electoral College elect a president who is the leader of the executive branch, as well as the leader of the armed forces.
The president may veto a bill that the Congress has passed, so it does not become a law. The President may also make "executive orders" to ensure that people follow the law. The president is in charge of many departments that control much of the day-to-day actions of government.
For example, Department of Commerce makes rules about trade. The president chooses the heads of these departments, and also nominates federal judges.
However, the Senatepart of the legislative branch, must agree with all of the people the president chooses. The president may serve two 4-year terms. The legislative branch is called the United States Congress. Congress is divided into two "houses". One house is the House of Representatives.
The Representatives are each elected by voters from a set area within a state. The number of Representatives a state has is based on how many people live there. Representatives serve two-year terms. The total number of representatives today is The leader of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House.
The other house is the Senate. In the Senate, each state is represented equally, by two senators. Because there are 50 states, there are senators.
The President's treaties or appointments of officials need the Senate's approval. Senators serve six-year terms.
In practice, the vice president is usually absent from the Senate, and a senator serves as president pro temporeor temporary president, of the Senate. Representatives and senators propose laws, called " bills ", in their respective houses. A bill may be voted upon by the entire house right away or may first go to a small group, known as a committeewhich may recommend a bill for a vote by the whole house.
If one house votes to pass a bill, the bill then gets sent to the other house; if both houses vote for it, it is then sent to the president, who may sign the bill into law or veto it.
If the president vetoes the bill, it is sent back to Congress. If Congress votes again and passes the bill with at least a two-thirds majoritythe bill becomes law and cannot be vetoed by the president.
Under the American system of federalismCongress may not make laws that directly control the states; instead, Congress may use the promise of federal funds, or special circumstances such as national emergenciesto encourage the states to follow federal law.
This system is both complex and unique. Judicial branch[ change change source ] The judicial branch is the part of government that interprets what the law means.
The Judicial Branch is made up of the Supreme Court and many lower courts. If the Supreme Court decides that a law is not allowed by the Constitutionthe law is said to be "struck down" and is no longer a valid law.
The Supreme Court is made up of nine judgescalled justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.The Nye Committee hearings in the s popularized the idea that a key factor leading the United States into the First World War had been: the need to protect American bank loans to the Allies (which were used to buy arms from U.S.
This wing of the museum focuses on the early history of the airplane, from its conception in to the years just before World War I. Because we are a museum of pioneer aviation, we don’t spend a great deal of time on those years after Orville Wright closed the doors of the Wright Company in EPA History Born in the wake of elevated concern about environmental pollution, EPA was established on December 2, to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection.
Chapter 1. History and Overview Learning Objectives. Because three out of every four international visitors to Canada originates in the United States, the 55% decline in that market since is being very strongly felt here. and was granted a budget increase to $, This was soon followed by an expansion of the BC Tourist Council.
DEA History. Since its founding in the mission of the DEA has been to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States, and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States, or any competent jurisdiction, organizations and their principal members involved in the growing, manufacture, or.
Health Care Spending Summary and Introduction For nearly all of the past four decades, spending on health care in the United States grew more rapidly than the economy. As a result, the share of national income devoted to health care nearly tripled.