I was looking at postmodern philosophers, and according to Wikipediaone of the most prominent American postmodernists was a guy called Richard Rorty. Richard Rorty — developed a distinctive and controversial brand of pragmatism that expressed itself along two main axes.
Staying on the subject of Dark Age myths: Historical consensus declares this a myth invented by New Atheists. The Church was a great patron of science, no one believed in a flat earth, Galileo had it coming, et cetera.
Roger Bacon was a thirteenth century friar who made discoveries in mathematics, optics, and astronomy, and who was the first Westerner to research gunpowder. It seems though records are unclear that he was accused of heresy and died under house arrest. But this may have been because of his interest in weird prophecies, not because of his scientific researches.
Michael Servetus was a sixteenth-century anatomist who made some early discoveries about the circulatory and nervous system.
But this was because of his heretical opinions on the Trinity, and not for any of his anatomical discoveries. City authorities arrested him for blasphemy, cut out his tongue, strangled him, and burned his body at the stake.
He was arrested by the Inquisition and accused of consorting with the Devil. He died before a verdict was reached, but the Inquisition finished the trial, found him guilty, and ordered his corpse burnt at the stake.
He was accused of consorting with the Devil because he was kind of consorting with the Devil — pretty much everyone including modern historians agree that he was super into occultism and wrote a bunch of grimoires and magical texts.
He also believed in heliocentrism, and promoted originated? He was arrested, tortured, and burned at the stake. Scientists got in trouble for controversial views on non-scientific subjects like prophecies or the Trinity, or for political missteps.
Scott Aaronson writes about the the Kolmogorov option suggested alternate title: Mathematician Andrey Kolmogorov lived in the Soviet Union at a time when true freedom of thought was impossible. He reacted by saying whatever the Soviets wanted him to say about politics, while honorably pursuing truth in everything else.
As a result, he not only made great discoveries, but gained enough status to protect other scientists, and to make occasional very careful forays into defending people who needed defending. He used his power to build an academic bubble where science could be done right and where minorities persecuted by the communist authorities like Jews could do their work in peace.
They pursued their work in optics, astronomy, anatomy, or whatever other subject, but were smart enough never to go near questions of religion. Maybe they would give beautiful speeches on how they had seen the grandeur of the heavens, but the true grandeur belonged to God and His faithful servant the Pope who was incidentally right about everything and extremely handsome.
Maybe they would have ended up running great universities, funding other thinkers, and dying at a ripe old age. Armed with this picture, one might tell Servetus and Bruno to lay off the challenges.
But Kolmogorov represents an extreme: For the opposite extreme, consider Leonid Kantorovich. Kantorovich was another Russian mathematician.
He was studying linear optmization problems when he realized one of his results had important implications for running planned economies.
He wrote the government a nice letter telling them that they were doing the economy all wrong and he could show them how to do it better.As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from leslutinsduphoenix.com This essay is a sequel of sorts to an earlier blog post essay I wrote a few years ago, introducing Edward Said’s concept of Orientalism for students as well as general readers.
I do not know if this post will prove to be as useful, in part because these concepts are considerably more difficult to explain. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion.
In France, John Baptist Say has the merit of producing a very superior work on the subject of Political Economy.
His arrangement is luminous, ideas clear, style perspicuous, and the whole subject brought within half the volume of [Adam] Smith's work. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion.
This essay is a sequel of sorts to an earlier blog post essay I wrote a few years ago, introducing Edward Said’s concept of Orientalism for students as well as general readers.
I do not know if this post will prove to be as useful, in part because these concepts are considerably more difficult to explain.