Secret Top Secret This is an ordered scheme, so that someone cleared to Secret level, can access Secret, Confidential, Restricted, and Unclassified information. Other approaches to classification are possible, and some are described in RFC For example Amoco use the classifications "Amoco-general", "Amoco-confidential" and "Amoco-highly-confidential".
Canada[ edit ] This section deals with access to sensitive government information.
Only those that are Security clearance term papers to be loyal and reliable, and have been cleared are allowed to access sensitive information. The policy was most recently revised on 20 October Clearance is granted, depending on types of appointment, by individual Federal government departments or agencies or by private company security officers.
To access designated informationone must have at least standard reliability status see Hierarchy below. Reliability checks and assessments are conditions of employment under the Public Service Employment Act, and, thus, all Government of Canada employees have at least reliability status screening completed prior to their appointment.
However, departments are free to request their employees to undergo security screening any time for cause.
Reliability Status, Standard RS Reliability checks are done by verifying personal data, criminal records check, credit check, educational, and professional qualifications, data on previous employment and references.
It is mandatory for individuals when the duties or tasks of a position or contract necessitate access to protected information and assets, regardless of the duration of an assignment. There are two levels of clearance: Secret Secret clearance is only granted after a reliability status is cleared, with a positive CSIS security assessment.
This level of clearance will grant the right to access designated and classified information up to Secret level on a need-to-know basis. Department Heads have the discretion to allow for an individual to access Top Secret-level information without higher-level clearance on a case-to-case basis.
Only those with a Secret clearance, with enhanced screening have access to Protected C information. Top Secret In addition to the checks at the Secret level, foreign travels, assets, and character references must be given. Field check will also be conducted prior to granting the clearance.
This level of clearance will grant the right to access all designated and classified information on a need-to-know basis. Site access[ edit ] Two additional categories called "Site Access Status" and "Site Access Clearance" exist not for access to information purposes but for those that require physical access to sites or facilities designated by CSIS as areas "reasonably be expected to be targeted by those who engage in activities constituting threats to the security of Canada".
Designated areas include Government Housesofficial residences of government officials, Parliamentnuclear facilitiesairport restricted areas, maritime ports, and any large-scale events that are sponsored by the federal government e.
They are both valid for 10 years. Those who have access to Special Operational Information are held to a higher standard. The release of such information is punishable by law, under section 17 2 of the Security of Information Actliable to imprisonment for life.
This effectively prohibits granting of a Reliability Status to any such individual. Those with National Security Clearance are commonly required to sign a statement to the effect that they agree to abide by the restrictions of the Official Secrets Act OSA.
This is popularly referred to as "signing the Official Secrets Act". Signing this has no effect on which actions are legal, as the act is a law, not a contract, and individuals are bound by it whether or not they have signed it.
Signing it is intended more as a reminder to the person that they are under such obligations.
To this end, it is common to sign this statement both before and after a period of employment that involves access to secrets.Glossary of Security Clearance Terms USDA Obtaining a security clearance is only part of getting a job in certain industries, but it never hurts to know the lingo.
Self-Reporting Potential Security Clearance Issues Issues from traffic infractions to financial problems may need to be “self-reported” to your organization’s security officer, in order to adhere to security clearance guidelines.
Summary of Major NISPOM Changes General The term “contractor” used throughout the NISPOM means a cleared contractor; i.e., a contractor that has been granted a . The term “eligibility for access” means the same thing as security clearance and is used in Government record systems and by Government personnel security specialists.
There are two types of clearances: Personnel Security Clearances (PCLs) and Facility Security Clearances (FCLs). Glossary of Security Clearance Terms USDA Obtaining a security clearance is only part of getting a job in certain industries, but it never hurts to know the lingo.
a security clearance • Security clearances are granted on a need toSecurity clearances are granted on a need to know basis when there is a demonstrated need for access to classified information • The employing or sponsoring Federal agency decides the level of clearance needed and.